Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca

Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca

Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca, Medicine is an inorganic medium, and there is nothing in it that the plant needs. Soil is an organic environment that has all the good things that help plants thrive.

When you pull plants out of their soil environment and put them in LECA, you will eventually need to replace the nutrients and make sure that your plants can absorb the nutrients as well.It doesn’t have to be scary.

Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca

Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca

To begin with, if the information below is too overwhelming, skip it! Take a gallon jug and fill it with tap water, then add any fertilizer you are currently using, but dilute it to 1/4 – 1/2 of the recommended amount.

Now it’s your nutrition solution. You can also scroll down to see the list of ingredients and measurements if you want to skip the scientific information.

However, the long-term use of tap water is not sustainable. Invest in a reverse osmosis system or use filtered water sooner rather than later.

Before we move on to any of the sciences and how to mix nutrient solutions, it is useful to read the per mill manual. Ppm means parts per million, and this is how we measure how much “substance” is contained in water.

The device used to measure the ppm is called a TDS meter. This means “total amount of dissolved solids”. It’s starting to make sense, right? It measures how much “substance” is dissolved in water.

For example, if I start with distilled water, it will be measured using a TDS meter at 0 PPM. If I add a scoop of fertilizer to water and dissolve it, maybe at 200 PPM. The more material you add, the higher the ppm will be.

The TDS meter will not tell you what is in the water, only how much substance is in the water.

Note : In the USA, your TDS meter may show different readings than anyone else in the UK. PPM is converted from EC (Electrical conductivity) and the formula differs depending on your geographical region.

If you really want to be on the same wavelength, you really should press the mode button on your TDS meter and switch it to EC mode.

note 2 : You will notice that if you measure the amount of organic fertilizers with a TDS meter, it doesn’t actually register anything.

This is because TDS meters only work with salt-based inorganic fertilizers, measuring the electrical conductivity of water.

water type

    • tap water : this is the water that comes out of your tap. In most cases, tap water contains calcium, magnesium, fluorine and other “substances”. Water consumption is usually 30-300 ppm, depending on where you live.
    • 0 ppm water: filtered, RO, distilled, everything starts from 0 ppm.
        • filtered water : there are many types of water purifiers on the market, I used to use a “zero water filter”. Pour tap water inside, pour filtered water. The water is at 0 ppm. Depending on where you are in the world, your water may be of better or worse quality. Over time, this option may not be economically feasible, if you have very hard water, you will pass through this filter very quickly.
        • reverse osmosis water : there are also many types of reverse osmosis systems available on the market. You connect this system to your hose or sink, and clean water comes out. The water is at 0 ppm. This usually happens much faster than filtering the water jug by jug. Now I have installed the RO system and it is amazing. I used the Pure Blue h20 system because it was sold at Costco. If you can’t install one, I’ve seen people rave about this countertop, it just takes a little longer. I’ve been using it for 1.5 years, probably spending 5-10 liters a week, and I didn’t have to change the filter. It’s well worth the money.
        • distilled water : this is the water you buy in a gallon pot at the grocery store. The water is at 0 ppm.

Tap water contains many additional “useful substances”, such as fluorine, chlorine, calcium and magnesium.

If you have ever watered your plants and noticed a white plaque on the top of your head, then this is an excess of salts and minerals that the plant cannot absorb.

The reason I like to use filtered water is because some plants are very sensitive to excess minerals in tap water. I measured my water and it is about 160 PPM.

I would recommend using any type of 0 ppm water when mixing the nutrient solution. If you want to use rainwater instead, that’s also great, but keep in mind that sometimes rainwater contains a lot of “things” like pollution if you live in a big city.

Tip: Save a few gallon jug and fill it with filtered water from your jug to save time. I also cook several gallons of nutrient solution at a time and store it in a gallon pot, it should be stored for several weeks.

This is especially important if you use filtered water for your plants instead of tap water. Remember that filtered water has a value of 0 PPM, which means that there is no calcium or magnesium left in it. You should add it back to your nutrient solution.

    • calcium – is responsible for bonding the cell walls of plants. If your plant lacks calcium, it may have deformed leaves.
    • magnesium is very important in photosynthesis. If your plant lacks magnesium, it will show signs of leaf darkening.

Some fertilizers have added calcium/magnesium, so you need to read the label and find out if you need an additive or not.

For example, K-Lite contains extra calcium, so you don’t need supplements.

I followed CalMagic’s general hydroponics instructions and found that their dosing instructions give 200 ppm. I reduce this amount slightly for my orchids, but use the recommended amount for everything else.

Calcium and magnesium supplements should first be mixed with water to prevent nutrient retention. This is when in chemistry one element combines with another to form a new element, so the order of what you mix is important.

fertilizers and other additives

primary fertilizers (macronutrients)

The line of conventional hydroponic fertilizers (FloraMicro, FloraGrow, FloraBloom) is very popular among fans of indoor plants.

My other favorite fertilizer is MSU orchid fertilizer (13-2-15). It’s designed for indoor plants as well as orchids, with a fairly high calcium content, but I’m still adding it. One of my favorites is K-lite. I mentioned this above-below I will dedicate the K-lite section.

This saves time by combining fertilizer and CalMag, the split is 12-1-1-10ca-3 mg. Others have had great success with Foliage Pro, another hydroponic fertilizer from DynaGrow. This is what we call an NPK fertilizer, which saturates plants with macronutrients.

These macronutrients are:

  • Nitrogen (N) – promotes the formation of foliage and leaf growth.
  • Phosphorus (P) – promotes the development of a strong root system.
  • Potassium (K) – contributes to the overall growth of endurance.

additives

The following additives that I have found are useful when growing in semi-hydroponic conditions.

    • rooting stimulator – reduces shock when transplanting plants and promotes strong root growth. Both RapidStart and Kelpmax are my favorites. RapidStart is designed for root growth, and Kelpmax works the same way, it is very smooth and does not contain lumps like some other seaweed products on the market. I don’t use Superthrive like others. Therefore.
    • fulminic acid / fulvic acid – increases the ability of plants to absorb nutrients and is especially effective when used in combination with seaweed extracts. My favorite is Mr. Fulvik. (Mr. Gumik is the same product, I ask, is it branding/government regulation.)
    • potassium silicate – helps to strengthen cell walls and increase resistance to pests. If you use this, be sure to add it before Calmag. I used to use strong stems a little bit, but because of the way I’m mixed now, it’s harder to use this product, so I skipped it for the past year.
    • probiotics – help to improve the condition of the root zone with the help of beneficial bacteria. I use Quantum Orchid, and recently started using Orca. Orca is unique in that it combines 4 highly effective endomycorrhizal species with 11 superaggressive strains of bacteria. (Do not try to mix mycorrhiza and beneficial bacteria yourself, leave it to the experts.) It is a highly effective hydroponic product to remove harmful bacteria that cause root rot from your pots.

Scroll down to see the vegetable juice formula and how much to add per gallon of water.

Once your mixture reaches the right amount of ppm and is well mixed, it’s time to finally adjust the pH of the mixture. The reason we need to regulate pH is because the nutrients are absorbed by plants at a certain pH range.

For example, if you grow potatoes, your soil should have a pH of 4.0-6.0, and if you grow mint, the pH should be 6.0-8.0. In addition, different elements are absorbed at different pH levels.

For example, calcium and magnesium are ideally better absorbed in neutral to alkaline conditions, while iron, copper and zinc are better absorbed in acidic to neutral conditions.

In order to meet a wide range of plant nutrient needs, most hydroponics manufacturers focus on the pH range from 5.5 to 6.5.

The products most commonly used by hydroponics manufacturers are conventional pH up and pH down hydroponics.

You will also need a pH meter or use PH strips to measure the pH level of your solution. It’s pretty simple if you do it a few times.

Place the pH meter in the solution, increase or decrease the pH as needed to reach the desired pH level. I am trying to reach about 5.7 or 5.8, according to my observations, the pH of the nutrient solution will increase over time.

Once the pH is adjusted, add the nutrient water to your plant’s water tank, and that’s it!

but … recently, a lot of information has appeared about the ratio of the pH of the root zone and the pH of the water in the tank, and it turned out that there is no need to use semi-hydroponics to purify the water in the tank.

I would advise you to do your own research here and experiment with pHing rather than pHing. I’ve found that with my usual nutrient mix, I’m in the 5.0-6.0 pH zone most of the time, so I’m skipping pHing right now. Remember that it may take up to 6 months-1 year to view these results/side effects.

Source: first Ray-Ray has been growing on semi-hydroponics for decades (I believe he really coined the term “semi-hydroponics”). He has an experiment with pH measurement, which I advise you to do yourself.

The conclusion is that the pH of the pot fluctuates depending on the time of day, so all the work that you put into your nutrient solution may be useless and turn out to be a waste of time.

vegetable juices-epiphytes

Here is the mixture I am currently preparing for my orchids and hoya. The only difference from other indoor plants is the application of fertilizers and the removal of calage, the reasons read on.

Potassium silicates and Squid should go first. My overall PPM target for orchids is about 200-300 in winter and 350-400 in summer. with a pH of 5.5-5.7.

They feed on light. Some species are also larger feeders, so don’t play with numbers.

I have fed more for my Hoyas, almost twice as much as for orchids. I noticed that in the spring, when I don’t feed about 800 ppm, the kidneys will burst. These are hardy plants, and they can take a lot of time to grow.

mix once a month in this order

    • reverse osmosis water – 1 gallon
    • potassium silicate – strong stem – 4 ml, and let stand for at least 30 minutes to put in water. (Note: I’ve removed this from my mixes since 2021 because I don’t have time to wait 30 minutes to add it and I haven’t really noticed much difference in plant health.)
    • fertilizer NPK – fertilizer for orchids MSU K-Lite 12-1-1-10ca – 3 mg – 1/2 tsp
    • kelp extract or RapidStart – KelpMax – 1 tablespoon / RapidStart – 1-2 ml.I use these two products interchangeably depending on what I have.
    • probiotics – Orchid quantum – 4 ml or Orca-2 ml
    • fulvic / humic acid – Mr. fulvate – 1-2 ml
    • raising /lowering the pH is the last step

all other products

    • the same mix as above, but without RapidStart. Therefore. (Note: I have changed this since 2021 to continue using probiotics continuously with every fuel. It is expensive, but very important to have, as it promotes a healthy root zone.)

I usually mix in a minimal amount and add an additional NPK fertilizer at the end to increase the feed. I use a 2 gallon atomizer to mix nutrients that cover a lot of things.

See the process here. In 2022, I updated the method of mixing nutrient solutions so that it would be faster and with less effort-I will publish a video soon!

why K-lite?  K-lite is a special fertilizer developed by Michigan State University and some ardent orchid lovers. If you want to read about all the subtleties, this article published in the American Orchid Society is the basis of the K-lite recipe.

TLDR is – there is not so much phosphorus and potassium in nature, epiphytes (plants that grow and climb trees) perfectly process such elements.

In nature, nitrogen, calcium and magnesium are abundant, so this composition has been changed so that it is more similar to what these plants receive in their natural habitat.

You will see that this article also mentions anthurium. Why should you trust Michigan State University? They have the smartest plant specialists who work on plant things.

juice plants-Indoor plants

The mixture of indoor plants is very similar. Instead of K-Lite, I use the usual MSU formula, which has more potassium. In winter I try to reach 500-600 ppm, in summer I already reach 1200ppm.

once a month in this order

    • reverse osmosis water – 1 gallon
    • potassium silicate – strong stem – 4 ml, and let stand for at least 30 minutes to put in water. (Note: I’ve removed this from my mixes since 2021 because I don’t have time to wait 30 minutes to add it and I haven’t really noticed much difference in plant health.)
    • Kalmagik -Kalmagik-1 tsp.
    • fertilizer NPK – fertilizer for orchids MSU 13-2-15 – 1-2 tsp.
    • kelp extract or RapidStart – KelpMax – 1 tablespoon / RapidStart – 1-2 ml.I use these two products interchangeably depending on what I have.
    • probiotics – Orchid quantum – 4 ml or Orca-2 ml
    • fulvic / humic acid – Mr. fulvat – 1 ml
    • raising /lowering the pH is the last step

all other products

    • the same mix as above, but without RapidStart. Therefore. (Note: I have changed this since 2021 to continue using probiotics continuously with every fuel. It is expensive, but very important to have, as it promotes a healthy root zone.)

Q: I see that many people use Superthrive, why don’t you use it? Answer: Superthrive is one of the products that is very popular, but few people talk about what it does to your plants in the long run if it is used too often.

Direct stimulants such as superthrive and Dynagrow’s KLN solution usually contain synthetic auxin hormones – naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and/or indole butyric acid (IBA).

These ingredients promote root growth, but if overused, they can cause the plant to deform. I prefer to use products like Kelpmax and RapidStart to stimulate root growth.

FAQ Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca

Which fertilizer is best suited for LECA? The biggest difference is how you fertilize your plants. When your plants grow in Lek, you should fertilize them every time you water them. To do this, you need to use special hydroponic fertilizers, since conventional fertilizers for plants are a nutrient additive in the soil.

What nutrients do I add to LECA? Calcium and magnesium. This is especially important if you use filtered water for your plants instead of tap water. Remember that filtered water has a value of 0 PPM, which means that there is no calcium or magnesium left in it. You should add it back to your nutrient solution.

What is the best hydroponic fertilizer? The Best Nutrients for Hydroponics – the best General Buyer’s Guide of 2022-Botanicare Pure Blend Pro Grow herbal formula enriched with terpene. The best pocket choice is the Cal Mag plant supplement, a liquid feed for plants to increase yields in hydroponics.

Do I need to add nutrients to LECA? From a non-horticultural point of view, a leka is a baked clay ball that absorbs water and expands. The water contained in the leca ball can be used for watering plants! Unlike soil, leca does not contain nutrients, which means that liquid fertilizer is a useful supplement to maintain the health of your plants.

How do you fertilize medicine balls? You should add a hydroponic fertilizer to the water you use to water your plants and mix it well. This will help dilute the fertilizer with water and turn your ordinary old water into a hydroponic nutrient solution. You can water your Lecco plant with this nutrient solution, and you’re done!

Why are my plants dying in the LEK? This happens rarely, as there is usually little moisture in the Lekka. This may be a sign that the pot is installed incorrectly, or that the roots die off during the transition. (the water level under the roots of the plant is too low). Read about constant regular watering and care here.

Can you grow plants in Lekka without nutrients? Yes, you will need nutrients designed for hydroponics, but your plants will survive for several weeks in LECA without nutrients.

Can I use fish fertilizer in LECA? You should avoid products containing worm larvae, fish emulsions, compost teas and organic hydroponic fertilizers to make growing in semi-hydroponics more controlled and easy.

What plants should not be planted in Lekka? The following plants may not grow well in Lekka: prayer plants. Stromante. Look at the elephant. Fern. A string of pearls. Patos. Potato. Corn.

Which three plants are not recommended for hydroponics? Carrots, radishes and beets are examples of root crops that do not grow well with hydroponic cultivation. This vegetable needs loose soil so that its roots can spread and grow well. In a hydroponic system, the roots will be limited to a small space, and there will not be enough room for them to grow.

How often do you add fertilizers to hydroponics? If you dry, clean and mix nutrients every 7-10 days, then you can add fresh water every day. As the plants consume nutrients and water, the amount of nutrients in the hydroponic tank will change. As a rule, the nutrient content should be between 800 and 1500 parts per million (ppm).

Can I use miracle grow in my hydroponics? Miracle-Gro can be used in your hydroponics system. However, this is categorically not recommended, because some Miracle-Gro fertilizers do not always break down well enough or provide all the necessary nutrients. If you decide to use Miracle-Gro for hydroponics, it is advisable to avoid traditional species.

Can plants rot in Lekka? Medicine is a soil-free environment suitable for plants that do not like excessive watering. Leca facilitates “getting wet and forgetting” when watering. There is a much lower risk of root rot. The probability of the appearance of pests is also significantly reduced.

Should the roots touch the water in the Lekka? With plants in the ground, when you water them before they are ready, you run the risk that they will rot and die. We have no problems with leka as long as the roots are not submerged in water (and many plants like their roots to be at least slightly submerged in water).

What happens if you don’t soak the medicine? If the LEKA is not soaked properly, it can cause the plant to grow much slower than it should. If you are a lazy LECA user, make an informed choice about how you want to be lazy here.