Hydroponic Cucumbers Growing Nutrient Solution
step-by-step guide to growing cucumbers on hydroponics
Hydroponic Cucumbers, Let’s discuss today the methods of growing cucumbers on hydroponics and the problems of hydroponic cucumbers, the necessary formulas of hydroponic nutrient solutions, as well as the advantages of hydroponic cucumbers, varieties of hydroponic cucumbers and the yield of hydroponic cucumbers. why wait, let’s dive into it.
You have probably seen how beautiful young girls put a piece of cucumber in their eyes, in summer you could see merchants selling cucumbers with delicious salt to bring down the heat.
This is because cucumbers contain a lot of water, which rejuvenates our body and fights the summer heat.
Cucumis sativus) is a member of the Cucurbitaceae pumpkin family, growing everywhere. It is a vine that produces cucumiform fruits that are often used as vegetables or fruits.
Cucumbers have always been grown using traditional cultivation methods on a large scale due to their high demand, especially in summer.
But modern methods of cultivation have the ability to multiply production, one of such methods is hydroponics. hydroponic cucumber is gaining popularity among both novice gardeners and experienced growers due to the many advantages it offers.
Rapid growth, very high yield, low harm from insect pests and the possibility of growing cucumbers outside the growing season – these are the main advantages of hydroponic cucumbers.
Cucumbers bloom on hydroponics because of their rapid growth and desire for heat, moisture and nutrients, which are effectively replenished in the hydroponic system.
It is one of the highest yielding plants usually grown in hydroponics conditions. So, a simple answer to the question how to increase the yield of cucumbers is to try hydroponics at home.
One of the most pleasant aspects of growing your own cucumbers is the freshness and constant supply of the harvested product. Picking your own cucumbers fresh from the vine gives them a crispy crust and juiciness that is hard to beat, and is often quite a pleasant surprise for novice cucumbers.
launch hydroponic plants :
The first thing that comes to mind after listening to hydroponics is, of course, the installation; most ready-to-use hydroponic installations are available on the Internet, which you can purchase at any time according to your preferences, space and number of plants to grow.
According to the “simple irrevocable hydroponic system” of experienced hydroponic producers, also known as the short method, the deep-sea culture method is recognized as successful for growing your own hydroponic cucumbers indoors, and for growing cucumbers outdoors, you can choose NFT hydroponic systems and large tidal systems.
Growing cucumbers outdoors is easier than indoors, and they usually yield more because of the greater availability of space. Outdoor cucumber plants can be placed vertically, which means that less space is required between the plants.
The best part is that container hydroponic cucumbers require a shorter distance than traditional ground cucumbers, which means a larger number of hydroponic plants and, consequently, a greater yield.
the best varieties of cucumbers grown by the hydroponic method
If you plan to grow cucumbers on hydroponics, choosing a variety for hydroponics may seem difficult, but any variety of cucumbers is suitable for hydroponics.
But you need to choose a variety based on your goals (cucumbers or pickled cucumbers) based on your settings, and you can also choose sustainable varieties.
They differ in a variety of sizes, shapes, duration of maturation and resistance to diseases characteristic of the shapes and sizes of fruits. If you don’t skimp on seeds, hybrid varieties are usually best suited for growing on hydroponics.
this type of cucumber belongs to the following categories:
Gynecomastia cucumber: this variety produces mainly female flowers. They yield more than standard varieties and are more resistant to diseases.
Parthenocarpic cucumbers without seeds are called parthenocarpic, which means that they produce fruit without the need for pollination and, therefore, seeds are not formed in the pulp. This is the preferred type for hydroponic cultivation. Such cucumbers will bear fruit without seeds if they are grown in isolation from other varieties.
Gynecomastia means that plants produce only female flowers, but they are also not necessarily seedless. Parthenocarpic cucumbers are almost all gynecomastia, which means that they produce only female flowers.
However, not all gynecomastia cucumbers are parthenocarpic. Gynecomastia plants mean that pollen from male flowers will not be used to pollinate female plants, which can lead to the formation of deformed fruits.
without belching – Tastes sweeter, has a thin skin and contains less cucurbitacin, which increases stomach discomfort and belching.
without bitterness – most varieties of cucumbers sometimes have a bitter taste if they are left on the vine for too long. But this variety was specially bred to avoid bitterness.
invertebrates – fruits with smooth skin and without a prickly white stone.
As a rule, modern hybrid varieties of cucumbers used in hydroponics are relatively tasteless, although stress on plants can lead to the formation of cucurbitacin compounds in fruits, which makes them less appetizing.
Old, family and openly pollinated varieties of cucumbers often have bitterness, especially if the fruits remain on the vine for too long before harvest, as well as due to humidity, temperature or stressful conditions associated with pests and diseases.
Even you can easily build this simple hydroponics system at home with DIY, just follow these steps and forget about relaxing.
requirements for growing cucumbers by hydroponic method:
- A barrel / drum / plastic container with a lid with a capacity of about 100-200 liters.
- Mesh pots or pots with lots of holes.
- expanded clay.
Hydroponics nutrient solution for cucumbers (composition for flowering)
simple steps for growing cucumbers on hydroponics:
- remove the seedlings from the seeds.
- plant seeds
- prepare the lid and tank
- fill the tank with nutrients
- the way to start growing cucumbers is to propagate them with seeds, which can be easily purchased on various websites and online stores.
Within a few days after sowing cucumber seeds, after the formation of real leaves, the seedlings are ready for transplantation.Cucumber seeds can be sown in separate pots for growing with a nutrient medium such as perlite, vermiculite or a mixture of them.Read More : Hydroponic Fertilizer For Leca
The seeds should be sealed deep enough so that they do not dry out, this will also help the seed coat soften during germination.The easiest way to grow cucumbers on hydroponics is to grow them in ready-made cubes for stone wool starter culture.
When cucumbers begin to be planted in the medium, it is important to place the seeds in the medium so that the end of the seeds from which the roots will come out is directed downward.
Soak the stone wool stones until they are completely soaked, and let them dry. After Rockwool dries, pour one seed about an inch into each cube and water them regularly.
Make sure you plant one seed per cube in your nutrient medium. For several days you can observe a collection of real leaves that appear from stone wool. Germination occurs best at temperatures from 80 to 82 ° F and occurs quickly, and the appearance of roots is observed within two days.
For beginners, we recommend using coconut pellets, the best thing about using coconut pellets is that they are very natural, and the roots of the plant are formed in the same way as in the ground.
As for the moisture-retaining ability, cocopeat granules are certainly successful. It has a thin biodegradable coating, around which the fabric is so thin that it allows the developing roots to penetrate into it without damaging the seedlings that have just appeared.
- prepare clean pots for transplanting seedlings by filling them with expanded clay, which will hold the developing plant. Transplanting seedlings is very simple if you use cocopellettes. Cocopelletes are also known as ingrained corks.
It’s as hassle-free as just taking a seedling and putting it in another pot.After germination and transplantation, young cucumber plants grow very quickly, as long as environmental conditions are favorable.
Within a week – 10 days after sowing, the cotyledons bloom. Flower buds should be removed before the stage of the 10th leaf. This is necessary in order to give the plant the opportunity to vegetatively develop before filling with fruits.
- cucumber plants will yield in about three to four months after they begin to bear fruit. From sowing seeds to getting the first cucumbers ready for harvesting, it takes from four to six weeks, it also depends on the variety used.
You can constantly get fresh cucumbers of your own production by planting new plants before the old ones are removed. To do this, you need to allocate space to do this during the planning stage.
- now the next step is to prepare the lid of the hydroponic container, in which there will be a pot for growing, into which we will transplant cucumber seedlings.Now it takes a little effort.
The idea here is to make as many large holes as necessary so that the growing pot fits in size. Depending on the size of the selected pan, you can make holes in the lid.
As mentioned above, you can use any container to experiment with the technique, perhaps also a bucket of paint. Then fill a tightly fitting pot for growing with expanded clay and transplant the seedling.
- Transplanting is as simple as taking a plant in a cork for rooting and simply placing it on top of a layer of expanded clay ball and filling the rest of the pot with expanded clay.
- now the best and most important part begins. Containers or tanks filled with
hydroponics nutrient mixtures for cucumbers
- are easily available on online sites (compositions for flowering are one of them available online).
The nutrient solution is poured to such a level that the bottom of the clean pot barely touches the upper surface of the nutrient solution and the roots easily receive the nutrient solution.
When we transplant seedlings, the roots do not come out of a clean pot or growing pot, so it may take several days for the roots to come out of a clean pot and immerse themselves in the nutrient solution filled below.
- Until then, make sure that a clean pot with expanded clay does not dry completely. To avoid this condition, just water it with a nutrient solution every day. It is unlikely that it will take 3-5 days for the roots to come out of the pot and begin to reach for the nutrient solution.
- after that, just move the bucket to a lighter place. Make sure that this place receives sunlight for about 10-20 hours.
Also, make sure that the air flow is sufficient. If you don’t have a suitable place to get direct sunlight, you can make do with growing lamps located almost 6-8 inches above the plants.Read More : Hydroponic Tank Into an Aquaponic Garden Ideas
At the same time, the growing plant extracts the available nutrients from the finished solution and produces everything it can.
- make sure that the nutrient solution you are feeding must have the following properties:
- pH of hydroponic cucumber pH of nutrients -6.0 -6.5
- Hydroponics for cucumbers EC 1,7-2,5 ; PPM 1190-1750 temperature should not exceed 60-82 degrees Fahrenheit; this range was recognized as the best for accelerated growth. The night temperature should be at least 65 °F.
- cucumbers are typical viticultural plants, and they should be hung up not only for the health and productivity of the plant, but also for maximum use of vertical space.
Plant growth can be directed upwards to support the upper part, and then down again so that the maximum amount of fruit can be harvested from the minimum vertical space.
To do this, in hydroponic conditions, plants can be taught to grow upwards with the help of supporting structures, such as strings or cables, light grids or mesh structures.
- cucumber vines are undetectable, and they should also be pruned, trained and maintained so that they do not take over your entire growing area.
- as soon as the plant reaches the upper support, it should be prepared so that most of the cucumbers hang down, so use the vertical space as efficiently as possible to get a plentiful harvest of hydroponic cucumbers from one plant.
- one of the main problems of cucumber hydroponics is the curvature, due to which cucumbers form bends.
Curvature is a physiological problem that leads to the fact that cucumber fruits acquire a slight or pronounced bend, rather than a long, perfectly straight shape.
This is usually not a big problem for home growers, as it usually only reduces the aesthetic appeal and shape of the fruit, which then affects consumer preferences.The curvature can also be caused by objects such as training cords or leaves or stems that hinder fruit development, or due to nutritional damage caused by insects such as aphids or thrips.
- In addition, excessive humidity, high or low temperatures, poor supply of nutrient solutions, or an imbalance of important mineral elements can also lead to curvature.
some facts about growing cucumbers on hydroponics:
- you can think about how long it takes to grow cucumbers on hydroponics, you can expect from 5 to 6 weeks to get the first harvest after sowing the seeds.
- the reason why cucumbers do not grow is that cucumber vines can be affected by wilting diseases (verticillium wilt, bacterial wilt and fusarium wilt).
- when your cucumber plants turn white, it may be due to powdery mildew disease, which manifests as white spots on cucumber leaves. For the treatment of powdery mildew, you can use a liquid mouthwash.
- if your cucumber seedlings turn yellow, it means that the plant suffers from a lack of fertilizers or trace elements.
It’s all about the idea of growing cucumbers on hydroponics. Keep growing vegetables without soil!.
FAQ Hydroponic Cucumbers
Do cucumbers grow well on hydroponics? Cucumbers can be grown quite easily in hydroponic greenhouses for hobbies. This is, of course, if appropriate allowances are planned for sowing for its rapid growth and production. For the proper growth of hydroponic cucumbers, little space is required in the greenhouse.
Which Hydroponics system is best suited for cucumbers? The best hydroponic systems for growing cucumbers at home use drip systems, bubble buckets, large tidal systems and Dutch bucket systems. Street cucumbers are heavy during fruiting and usually have a large root system. That’s why they are not suitable for railway systems and NFT.
What nutrients do cucumbers need to grow on hydroponics? Like most other vegetables, hydroponic cucumbers need three basic nutrients to grow successfully and produce high yields. These are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
Which vegetables are not suitable for hydroponics? Carrots, radishes and beets are examples of root crops that do not grow well with hydroponic cultivation. This vegetable needs loose soil so that its roots can spread and grow well. In a hydroponic system, the roots will be limited to a small space, and there will not be enough room for them to grow.
Which vegetables are most profitable to grow on hydroponics? Name the 9 most profitable plants for growing basil hydroponically. Basil is one of the most beloved herbs in India – it has an amazing aroma and gives a perfect taste to any dish. Cilantro. Salad. Spinach. Pepper. Green onions. Mint. Cucumber.
How long have cucumbers been growing on hydroponics? You can think about how long it takes to grow cucumbers on hydroponics, you can expect from 5 to 6 weeks to get the first harvest after sowing the seeds. The reason why cucumbers do not grow is that cucumber vines can be affected by wilting diseases (verticillium wilt, bacterial wilt and fusarium wilt).
How many cucumber plants can I grow in a 5-gallon bucket? Two or three plants will fit in a five-gallon bucket, or plant one cucumber in a 10-inch-wide container. Mix the soil with equal parts of compost, potting soil, perlite and peat moss.
How much light do hydroponic cucumbers need? The need for lighting for hydroponic cucumbers is sufficient 8-10 hours a day, optimally 12 hours. The temperature after seedlings and germination should be in the range of 65-85 ° F. They can grow from two to three plants in one planting place.
Why aren’t my hydroponic cucumbers growing? Light and temperature hydroponic cucumbers require high or medium levels of illumination and warm temperatures, so difficulties with growing can occur in cloudy or cold weather. Dutch-type cucumbers require temperatures from 60 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit.
What does coffee grounds do for cucumbers? Coffee grounds contain a lot of potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, nitrogen, as well as other nutrients necessary for healthy plant growth. A large amount of nitrogen and magnesium will allow cucumbers to grow well. It is known that cucumber plants grow well in organic-rich soil.
What is the best pH for hydroponic cucumbers? 5.5-6.0 pH for hydroponic cucumbers (5.5-6.0) and nitrification (7.5-9.0) requires coordination to improve system integration.
Can you grow hydroponics without nutrients? So, it’s time to answer the main question: Is Hydroponics possible without nutrients at all? No, Hydroponics is impossible without nutrients. In a hydroponics system, the nutrients contained in the water are the only source of nutrition for your plants, and without nutrients, your plants will not grow.
Why are hydroponic plants harmful to health? If you want to ensure a safe and healthy growth cycle, you should pay attention to the temperature of the nutrient solution. Hydroponic plants have different temperature requirements than plants grown in soil, and if you fail to maintain an optimal climate, you may encounter wilted plants or rotten fruit.
What are the 3 disadvantages of hydroponics? 5 disadvantages installing hydroponics is expensive. Compared to a traditional garden, hydroponic systems are more expensive to purchase and build. Vulnerable to power outages. Requires constant monitoring and maintenance. Water-borne diseases. Problems affect plants faster.
Which vegetables are easiest to grow on hydroponics? The simplest fruits and vegetables for growing on hydroponics: leafy greens – lettuce, cabbage, spinach, bok choy, watercress. Spinach. Tomato horseradish (requires a lot of light). Beans-green peas, Pint, Lima. Greens-green onions, basil, mint, coriander. Strawberry. Blueberries.