Dragon Fruit Plant Cuttings, Have you had dragon fruit before? They have an odd appearance and are pink or yellow in color. These fruits are frequently expensive, costing up to $6 per piece. You could now choose to purchase a single pricey fruit or you could grow your own dragon fruit plant and consume it constantly.
A tropical fruit called dragon fruit grows on a cactus that climbs. It is thought to have originated in Central America in the 13th century. It was introduced to Vietnam by the French about a century ago. The largest producer of dragon fruit today is Vietnam. Many Asian and South American nations, including Malaysia, Colombia, Thailand, Peru, and Nicaragua, also cultivate this fruit.
Dragon fruit is very nutritious in addition to having a cool appearance. It contains a lot of water, as well as a sizable amount of fiber and vitamins B and C. The flesh has a mild kiwi flavor to it. Similar to kiwi, it has small, black seeds with a slight crunch. This fruit is well-liked in ice cream, smoothies, and other desserts. Even wine can be made from it!
You can get your dragon fruit to start producing in the first year and continue to do so with the right conditions. Since it prefers tropical climates, if you reside in zones 10 or 11, you’re in luck. You might even be able to grow it indoors with the right care. So let’s find out everything there is to know about this unusual climbing fruit.
Dragon Fruit Plant Cuttings
- Neem Bliss, 100% Cold-Pressed Neem Oil
- Ready to use Insecticidal Soap for the Garden
- Bonide Dormant Spray Oil and All-Season Horticultural Spray
Quick Care Manual
|Regular Name (s)||Pitaya, dragon fruit, dragonfly fruit, and dragonfruit|
|Biological Name|| |
Hylocereus megalanthus, Hylocereus undatus, and Hylocereus costaricensis
|Time until harvest: 6||to 8 months|
|Dry and soak.|
|soil is drained||and fertile.|
|Fertilizer||high potassium, then high nitrogen.|
|Pests:||ants, mealybugs, scale insects, and scale insects,|
|Brown fruit rot, root rot, and stem canker|
Information on Dragon Fruit
From seed to fruit, a dragon fruit plant is quite impressive. Long, ovular segments of the green cactus are connected by flimsy joints as they grow. There are three ridges with tiny but incisive spines on each segment, or stem. Technically speaking, this plant is an epiphyte because of the aerial roots that the stems produce in order to climb.
Dragon fruit is trained to grow into a tree shape for commercial production. The stems, which resemble an odd palm tree, climb up a support before spilling over the top. The flowers have white petals, are unusually large, and smell floral. Reddish-pink, spherical fruits with green leaf edges poking through the skin are produced by these flowers. The black seeds are found inside the flesh and are easy to save and grow at home.
If you decide to grow dragon fruit indoors, pick a container with a minimum capacity of 25 gallons. We don’t want to have to later repot this plant because it gets quite large.
Dragon Fruit Varieties
Dragon fruit comes in two basic flavors: sweet and sour. The sour varieties are known as pitaya and are members of the Stenocereus genus. However, due to frequent confusion with the common name for the sweet type, Pitahaya, this name is frequently used to refer to the sweet type. We’ll concentrate on the Pitahaya dragon fruit since it’s the most well-liked (Hylocereus).
There are numerous varieties of dragon fruit, so we’ll only cover the most common.
The Hylocereus undatus is a black pitaya with pink-red skin and white flesh. The Vietnam White, which is the variety you’ll most likely find at the grocery store, is a member of this species.
Pink pitaya (Costa Rican Hylocereus) also has a pinkish-red interior in addition to the same pink-red skin. The Physical Graffiti variety’s dark red, dense flesh is one color, while the red La Verne’s hot pink hue is another.
The orange pitaya (Hugocerus hylocerus) is distinguished from the others by its vivid yellow skin. It has white flesh, which the Ecuadorian Palora describes as tasting like sugar cubes or honey because it is so sweet.
Pitaya has specific requirements, but once you get the hang of it, it should be fairly simple to grow. Here’s everything you need to know.
Heat and the Sun
If you reside in a warm region, such as zones 10 or 11, you’ll have the greatest chance of success with this plant. To develop the energy to bear fruit, the dragon fruit plant requires as much sun exposure as possible. Put yours somewhere that receives more than six hours of sunlight each day.
Dragon fruit can tolerate light frost, but it thrives in temperatures between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, with a minimum of 55 degrees. On the other hand, temperatures above 100°F are not recommended and may even cause plant burns. You might want to provide some light shade to protect your dragon fruit from the sun during those hot spells.
Humidity and water
Cactus plants are accustomed to extended dry spells and heavy watering. Use the “soak and dry” strategy to simulate these circumstances. Before watering, let the top 1 to 2 inches of soil completely dry out. Water deeply so that any extra seeps out of the drainage holes. but take care not to drown the plant. After the soil has taken its fill, there should never be any puddles remaining.
Water early in the day so the plant has enough to last all day because it will be exposed to heat and sun. In addition, this will guarantee that any water left on the stems will evaporate in the heat, avoiding rot and disease.
Soil: Plants that produce dragon fruit require soil that is rich in nutrients and is both light and well-draining. Create a growing medium that is 2/3 vegetable potting mix and 1/3 soil to meet these requirements.
1/3 mix of cacti While the cactus mix is excellent for draining, the vegetable mix will increase soil fertility.
Although the pH of the soil is not critical in this case, dragon fruit does prefer slightly acidic conditions. A pH of 6-7 is t does prefer sli
If you really want the best results from this cactus, you’ll need to fertilize. Apply a granular fertilizer with a pH of 6–6–6 during the green growth stage. If a 6-6-6 cannot be found, the nitrogen content may be slightly higher.
Change to an 8-4-12 fertilizer of the date palm variety as soon as blossoming starts. The additional potassium will facilitate flowering.
We advise using a soil-wettable, slow-release fertilizer. For best results, use 14 cups once every 1.5 to 2 months throughout the growing season. Use no fertilizer in the winter to allow the plant to go season. Use no
The dragon fruit cactus can become quite wild if left to itself. It will cling to any rough surfaces it encounters because it is a climber, including your house! Pests can easily hide in the space between the stem and the textured surface. Additionally, the long stems grow outward and can occupy a large amount of space. Pruning comes in handy at that point.
Cut back your plant as needed to keep it under control. Additionally, this will maintain your plant’s health and promote new growth. Cut the stems at the delicate connecting joints with clean, accurate clippers.
Examine the entire plant before cutting and plan which stems to remove. The pieces that are sick or dying should be the first to go. Next, prune back or remove stems that are growing too quickly or incorrectly. You can also look for areas that receive little sunlight and merely consume energy with no output. By getting rid of them, energy will be redistributed toward flowering and new growth.
After harvest, you’ll need to prepare your dragon fruit for the winter. The plant needs this time to go dormant and store energy for the crop the following year, regardless of whether you live in a warm climate. Once all of the fruit has been picked, add some topsoil fertilized with high-nitrogen fertilizer.
Feather food is a great organic choice with a 12-to-0 NPK ratio.
Reduce watering to just once or twice a month and discontinue fertilizing completely. Move the plant indoors if you live somewhere cold, so it won’t be exposed to frost or snow. If you live in a warm climate and can’t bring it inside, cover the cactus as needed with a frost limate and can’t
Dragon fruit trees lean over like hanging plants if they are not supported. The stems, on the other hand, will actually learn to climb if you train them on a support! Although it requires years of growth and a good dragon fruit trellis, you can train your dragon fruit cactus to grow into impressive trees when done correctly. However, the plant typically bears fruit before then, ensuring that you won’t have to wait a long time for a harvest.
To hold the plants up, you’ll need a sturdy, long support. Use something textured, like a wooden broomstick or a piece of sturdy lumber, as dragon fruit doesn’t like to climb smooth surfaces. Add another support if the first one isn’t strong enough to hold the plant as it grows.
Your dragon fruit cactus should first be taken out of its container after you have carefully dislodged the roots. Plant a single start or several starts in a circle. Pointing the stars away from the center will prevent them from crossing if any of them are leaning to one side.
The soil should then be moistened before the stake is inserted. The root system will pass through the ground more easily and without damaging the roots if the soil has been previously watered.
To secure the plant to the stake, use cloth ties. To avoid damaging the stems, you must use a flexible tie, akin to a piece of cloth. It’s stronger than you might think, so loosely tie the fabric around the joint where the segments meet.
Your cactus will appear unkempt once it has been tied up. But as it develops, the stems will enlarge and hang over the support. Tie additional segments to the support as they expand until they reach the top. The stems eventually begin developing aerial roots that cling to the reach the top. The
It’s very simple to propagate dragon fruit, like the majority of cacti, by taking cuttings. Segments can be easily cut off and encouraged to develop roots. You only need sharp, tidy pruners, a vessel, dirt, and gloves.
Cut a piece of the segment off at the joint with your pruners. You can also gather any pieces that separated during training or pruning. Remove any aerial roots from the cutting and throw away any damaged, ill, or pest-infested stems.
Next, trim an inch off the bottom of the cut with your clippers or a knife so that the end is triangular. Cutting large stem segments into two or more pieces is possible. The stem must be inserted with the cutting side down. Use a permanent marker to draw an arrow on the cutting to help you remember which side is which, especially if you’ve split one stem into several dragon fruit cuttings.
Dry the cut until the scab has fully formed (2–3 days). After that, place the cutting cut side down in a container that has been completely filled with soil. It ought to be capable of standing unaided. To keep the cutting stable, you can, however, add a tiny stake.
Keep the soil moist and place your dragon fruit cutting in the shade until new growth appears. You can check to see if new roots have formed by gently tugging on the cutting until you feel resistance. New roots only take a couple of weeks to form. New growth will start to appear at the top joint or the stem’s edges.
Give yourself a greater challenge if you’d like.
Save seeds and try! Start by removing the seeds from the dragon fruit you’ve just harvested and rinsing them. Because the seeds are so tiny, you might want to wash them in a tea strainer. Place the seeds on a paper towel that has been dampened, fold it up, and put it in a plastic bag. Allow the seeds to germinate for a few weeks, making sure the towel doesn’t dry out.
Plant the seeds after they have sprouted, and cover them with a transparent dome to maintain humidity. You must be careful not to overwater the seedlings because root rot is something they are very susceptible to. Until the seedlings are strong enough to be transplanted into their own container or outdoors, keep the container indoors in bright light.
Pollination and Fruiting
The dragon fruit flowers are the pinnacle of the entire growth phase. The fruit may be delicious, but these blossoms are simply stunning! You will be astounded by their size, beauty, and, regrettably, briefness.
Small, green buds will grow on the ridges of your dragon fruit’s stem. A bud is probably about to abort itself if it begins to turn yellow. By removing the bud, the plant will direct its energy elsewhere, which will hasten the process.
The buds grow into long, outward stalks that resemble stems. Within 48 hours after the sepals begin to separate, a bloom should appear, frequently at night. As the sepals open to reveal a stunning, enormous flower, white petals will begin to peek through.
Some dragon fruit trees rely on bat pollination, while others are self-pollinating. It doesn’t hurt to help with pollination, regardless of the kind you have. When you look at the flower, you’ll notice a dense circle of light yellow anthers surrounding the center. Green in color, the stigma rises above the anthers.
Pollen from the anthers can be gently brushed onto the stigma using a paintbrush or cotton swab. Take pictures while you can, because the flower will start to close up surprisingly quickly after being pollinated.
The flower must now begin the difficult task of producing fruit. Fruit will replace the petals and sepals that have begun to dry up. The exciting next step is almost here: harvesting!
Gathering and Keeping
The fruit lives up to its legend, and the flowers were spectacular. You’ll enjoy seeing it develop on the plant almost as much as you’ll enjoy eating it when it’s , and the flower
With the exception of those spiky, green tips, dragon fruits are entirely covered when they are mature. Additionally, when pressed with your thumb, the flesh will give slightly. Cut as close to the fruit as you can with clean, sharp clippers so that the stem is largely unharmed.
Before eating your harvest, put it in the refrigerator for the best flavor. After that, simply cut the fruit in half and scoop out the flesh with a spoon. To have larger segments, you can also quarter your fruit and peel the mply cut the
Keep your whole dragon fruit, preferably in a container or wrapped in plastic, in the refrigerator. Keep this fruit tightly sealed in an airtight container because it absorbs other tastes and odors. With this technique, your produce will last up to two weeks.
Cut dragon fruit keeps for a day or two in the fridge before the flesh becomes mushy and brown. Lemon juice can be used to keep the flesh fresher for longer, just like apples.
Your dragon fruit can be frozen for long-term storage. Slice it up, arrange the pieces on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper, and freeze. The frozen pieces can then be transferred one at a time to an airtight container. Squeeze as much air out of them as you can, then store them in the freezer. Although the frozen pitayas last for several months, the sooner they are consumed, the of them as you can, t
If you’ve ever grown cacti, you’re probably already familiar with the diseases and pests we’re dealing with. But just in case, here’s what you need to know about safeguarding your fruit plant:
There is exciting news. Even though your dragon fruit is only a year old, you can elicit flowering. The majority of plants, including dragon fruit, need a period of dormancy to gather sufficient energy for fruiting. With a little extra care, you can encourage it to flower that first year. The strategy we used is described here.
Apply a high-nitrogen fertilizer, such as feather meal, toward the end of the growing season. Apply a liquid fertilizer with a high potassium and phosphorus content to the soil and water it in. Then, take out your pruning shears and trim any stems and lateral shoots that aren’t receiving enough light. Concentrate your growth efforts on the stems that receive the most light because they will bear fruit more readily. In no time, buds should start to appear!
Your dragon fruit might require assistance if it is only producing flowers rather than fruit.
pollination. For details on pollinating your pitaya plant, see the pollination section above.
Cactus plants are susceptible to sunburn because they are in direct sunlight.
sunscald. Once burned, the damage cannot be undone. However, if necessary, you can remove the rotting sections and apply neem oil to the brown blisters. If you see that your plant is getting burned, try moving it or giving it some shade during a hot day.
insect scales Suck the juice out of a plant by lying flat against it. They can seriously harm the health of your plant and spread disease from plant to plant with ease. The common scale insect that you might encounter is the mealy bug. Gardening fuel and hemp oil are fantastic methods for figuratively smothering these pests and their eggs. For large infestations, use insecticidal soap to break up their hold before misting them with water later in the day. To get the insects to leave the plant, you can also prune the infected stems or dab them with rubbing alcohol.
Several scale insects produce honeydew that attracts predators.
Therefore, if you possess one, you might also possess the other. It’s crucial to get rid of both since the scale insects will be protected by the ants. There are many ways to get rid of ants, but the most effective way is to use ant traps made of borax, which they can take back to their nest and destroy the entire colony. To get rid of ants and other pests, you can also use diatomaceous earth or helpful nematodes.
Last but not least, watch out for Flying fruit. Although these bothersome insects are frequently found in kitchens, they can also make a home on your pitaya plants. The eggs that fruit flies lay on fruit can spread dangerous bacteria. As a result, be sure to thoroughly wash your fruit before eating it.
To get rid of the flies, place yellow sticky fruit fly traps close to the plant. Additionally, you can create your own trap using supplies you already have at home. Simply add vinegar and dish soap to a cup of sugar water or overripe fruit. Create a paper cone that you can place on top to direct the flies toward the trap. The vinegar will kill them, the sugar will draw them in, and the dish soap will coat their wings to stop them from flying away.
A disease-causing stem fungus that is brought on by Neoscytalidium dimidiatum can be harmful and quickly spread. Pitayas that are infected will have circular, sunken lesions with white and brown borders and black centers. These lesions may cause the plant to rot and ultimately die. Remove the infected stems as soon as you notice any signs of the disease to prevent its spread. Fungicides may be used to control severe infestations, but there is no surefire cure.
A fungus called Bipolaris cactivora causes rotten brown fruit with pitaya. On the fruit, you’ll see lesions that start out yellow and turn brown. They are water-soaked and mushy. The lesions will quickly develop into rot, which eats away at the fruit and kills the plant. This particular fruit rot is difficult to eradicate, so prevention is essential. Keep your plant as dry as you can because the fungus prefers warm, moist environments. Dead or diseased plant matter should be removed right away and destroyed far from the home garden.
The succulent nature of dragon fruit makes it susceptible to root decay. Overwatering, which is a leading cause of plant death, is typically to blame for this. Use only well-draining soil and water only after the soil has dried out to maintain the health of the roots. If the roots do start to rot, take immediate action to remove the plant from its container and use a sterile knife to trim off the affected areas. Repot the plant in new, improved soil after allowing the wounds to heal for a few days.
FAQ Dragon Fruit Plant Cuttings
Can a cutting of a dragon fruit be grown? Cuttings or seeds can be used to start dragon fruit plants. The best way to begin is with cuttings because they develop and bear fruit more quickly than seedlings. Cut a piece of the plant’s growth that is more recent if you want to take dragon fruit cuttings. The length should be between six and eight inches.
How long do cuttings of dragon fruit take to germinate? In a week or two, the roots should start to appear. The cut dragon fruit should continue to be green. Avoid overwatering, though. If the soil is dry two inches down when you stick your finger in it, add more water.
Do dragon fruits root in water? Dragon fruit is an epiphytic plant, as is well known. The cutting can also be rooted in water. It is the simplest and quickest way to root the cutting, but you must be a little cunning. With this technique, rooting will begin within a week without the use of rooting hormone.
How are dragon fruits grown from seeds? Slice a dragon fruit in half, then use a spoon to scrape out some seeds to start a dragon fruit plant from seed. Clean the seeds. It’s okay to plant with the pulp still attached because it will stick to the seeds. Sterilized seed starter or cactus soil mix should be poured into a cup or small pot.
Can a branch produce a dragon tree? Propagation. Dragon trees can be grown from seeds or cuttings. In the spring, seeds need to be shallowly sown into potting soil that drains well.
Is it possible to grow dragon fruit from the stem? Slice up the chopping. Make three to five pieces out of the dragon fruit. A new dragon fruit plant can be propagated from each of these parts. Keep track of which way is “up” for each cutting; you’ll need to plant them upright for proper growth, so make sure you do that.
How often should I water cuttings of dragon fruit? 1 each two weeks: conditions for growing dragon fruit We water the cuttings about once every two weeks. Avoid drowning them with water; it’s very easy to do! Make sure to give the soil a light mist, but avoid drowning it.
How deep should cuttings of dragon fruit be planted? Cuttings should be inserted into the ground about an inch deep. As a result, the cutting will have more time to develop a root system and adjust to your soil’s characteristics. Check to see if your cutting has established roots once it begins to grow new growth. If so, it can be moved to a larger container or a permanent spot.
How are dragon plant cuttings taken? Cut the stem into 20- to 30-cm-long sections. Each section should have its base submerged in water and placed in a warm location. Look for white nodules that will grow into long roots at the stem’s base. Keep an eye out for growths that are poking through the bark.
What transpires if a dragon fruit cutting is planted backwards? Good morning, Annap. Just leave it alone; eventually, it will send out some shoots from the sides that will grow correctly up.
How is a dragon plant cutting rooted? The best way to grow a dragon tree from top plant cuttings Find the various branches. Cut it out. Remove a few of the lower leaves. Put water in your container. Put the cuttings in the water. Water should be changed frequently. Be tolerant. Put the cutting in the potting soil.
What number of dragon fruits can one plant yield? Dragon fruits bear fruit only during the summer and into the fall. Each year, they can produce about three waves of fruit. 45–100 fruits are produced per wave by a single plant.
Can you repurpose cut dragon fruit? Once cut, consume your dragon fruit right away, or keep it in the refrigerator for about a day or so until it starts to turn brown. Uncut dragon fruit should be kept in the refrigerator in a plastic bag if you want to delay the ripening process (to keep it from absorbing flavors and odors from other foods).
How are dragon fruit plants grown? Dragon fruit can be grown from seed or cuttings with ease. To start a plant from seed, press some flesh onto a piece of paper towel and keep it moist, warm, and out of the sun. After 2–3 weeks, the seeds will sprout and can be punnet-potted.