Additives For Hydroponic Water That Improve The Taste, Strawberry connoisseurs are familiar with the special pleasure of finding a berry with sweet freshness, intense aroma and a general “strawberry”, which is often not enough for mass-produced fruits.
The quality of strawberries of street and greenhouse production can differ significantly. Sometimes strawberries become almost rubbery. Sometimes strawberries ripen unevenly, have strange smells and tastes, or have no taste at all.
The good news is that damage to strawberries can now be prevented. Hydroponics provides manufacturers with cost control tools that give strawberries a great taste.
Additives For Hydroponic Water That Improve The Taste
why grow strawberries on hydroponics?
strawberry production on hydroponics has probably been around for thousands of years. We don’t really know what the ancient Babylonians planted in the hanging gardens of Nineveh, but we do know that these plants, grown in a continuous stream of nutrient-rich water, at one time could contain berries.
we know that American soldiers grew strawberries and other cultivated plants on hydroponic farms on some causeless islands in the Pacific Ocean during World War II.
More and more strawberry growers are investing in hydroponic systems for growing strawberries without soil.
The main attraction of hydroponic strawberry cultivation is the absence of the need to fumigate the soil with methyl bromide to destroy fungi and bacteria that prevent maximum fruit production.
Hydroponic production can only rarely be certified as organic, but it is much more useful for consumers than traditional strawberry growing outdoors in the ground.
Hydroponic production systems save space. An entire strawberry farm can be placed on racks of just 1,000 square feet (just over 90 square meters).
Texas entrepreneurs Ana Buckman and Andrew Abendstein built the facility, which they named Acre, in a box of two shipping containers installed in the parking lot of an abandoned drilling plant in the food desert in Houston.
Not only was the cost of their launch very low-only $80,000-their experience in dealing with Hurricane Harvey of the 5th category showed another advantage of hydroponic production.
An acre in a box was created near the confluence of two creeks, the first place flooded during a severe storm.
For four days, Buckman and Abendstein could only monitor their operations using remote cameras. They fear the worst due to rising floodwaters.
but when two hydroponic entrepreneurs finally survived the flood to check their operations, they found that only about 10 inches (25 cm) of water got into shipping containers, and they lost only 5 percent of their crop. Everything else is fine.
Hydroponic works protect strawberry producers from cold, heat, drought and wind diseases. They make it possible to control the conditions in such a way that one planting can yield a crop every week for six months.
With a proper understanding of strawberry physiology, hydroponic gardeners can easily grow larger strawberry plants. Producers can grow strawberries of the desired color, shape and size for their customers.
The weight production of beautiful berries is undoubtedly important, we eat primarily with our eyes. We also shop primarily with our eyes. Strawberries should be of good size and visually attractive. But consumers who are used to buying beautiful strawberries all year round are demanding in taste.
what makes strawberries sweet?
strawberry flavor depends on a relatively small amount of dry matter. Strawberries are 92 percent water on average.
although the percentage of dry matter can vary from 7 to 11-1 / 2 percent depending on the age of the plant, variety and plant nutrition, on average only 8 percent of strawberries have the potential to improve taste.
The sweetness of strawberries is achieved due to dissolved fructose and glucose. This small difference in sugar concentration can make a big difference to taste.
The sugar in this strawberry is more concentrated on the side of the berry that receives more sunlight. Berries growing in the shade may have about 10 percent less sugar than berries growing in the sun.
The tops (the ends of strawberries located away from the peduncle) may contain 50 percent more natural sugars than the peduncles (attached to the peduncle).
Fructose in fresh strawberries, which are eaten separately, is about 20 percent sweeter than table sugar, and fructose in strawberries and cream is 50-70 percent sweeter than table sugar (sucrose).
glucose in fresh strawberries adds extra sweetness if the berries are consumed at room temperature.
strawberries eaten directly from the refrigerator will not taste sweet, because the tongue will be more sensitive to its texture and less sensitive to the contribution of glucose to the sweetness of strawberries.
adding cane sugar, of course, cancels this effect. The added sugar makes the taste of strawberries sweeter, but less strawberry-like, because it neutralizes the flavor added by the acid.
Strawberries also produce small amounts of sucrose, a form of sugar found in table sugar.
what gives strawberries a tart taste?
Ripe strawberries contain about 1.35 percent citric and malic acids. This is a much smaller part of the dry weight of strawberries than sugar.
For strawberries to taste like strawberries, it takes about six to nine times more natural sugars than natural acids by weight. Unlike natural sugars, the natural acids in strawberries are evenly distributed throughout the fruit. The closer you bite the stem of the berry, the more natural bitterness you will feel.
when you eat strawberries in one bite, your brain tends to fix the taste of the last piece of food more strongly. If you bite off the stalk from the first berry and eat the sweet part of the last berry, you will have more sweet taste sensations. If you bite off the tips of the strawberry tops first, the taste will be more tart.
the way you arrange strawberries so that guests first eat the stem or growing tip has a significant impact on whether they will be perceived as sour or sweet.
It takes a lot of sweet to balance out a little sour. But how will farmers know if their strawberries are sweet enough?
strawberry sweetness and Brix levels
The sweetness of all types of fruits is measured in a unit called BRICS. BRIX Degrees (BX) measure the total amount of sugar in fruit juice compared to the moisture content in fruit.
For example, if a drop of strawberry juice contains 200 milligrams of sugar (fructose, glucose and sucrose are considered together) and 800 milligrams of water, its bx will be 100 times (to adjust the ratio as a percentage) 200 / (200 + 800), or 20.
juicy fruits have a smaller BX. Juicy, but not too juicy fruits have a higher BX. BX 12, bx 14 and bx 16 are suitable for strawberries. Some manufacturers are so confident in themselves that they even label their strawberries with the BX indicator if the bx is 16 or higher
. How can farmers measure in Brix units?
Professional gardeners use a small device similar to a microscope or telescope to measure the Brix coefficient. A drop of fruit juice is placed in this refractometer, and bx bx is read as the number on which the shadow falls on the scale.
what can manufacturers do to raise the level-of-Brix?
Hydroponics growers are in a better position than conventional or greenhouse growers in terms of increasing the sweetness of their crops.
Every gardener wants to have a small plant with a rich set of fruits. In order for a small plant to maintain abundant fruiting, it must maintain a high rate of photosynthesis.
Strawberries grown in the shade do not produce the same fruit weight as strawberries grown in the sun, and strawberries grown with intensive artificial lighting produce more fruit than strawberries grown in full sun. Hydroponics producers who pay attention to the need for light get larger plants.
growers can increase the sweetness of their strawberries by positioning a light source or a support rod so that the entire berry is flooded with light. If both sides of strawberries grow in full light, more natural sugar is formed in the berries.
The sweetness of strawberries also depends on the nutrients entering the berries from the crown of the plant. Gardeners should maximize the leaf area of the plant, as well as ensure that the leaves are flooded with light, whether it is natural sunlight or artificial.
The leaves support the crown or plant and fruit, and the crown must be in good shape to receive nutrients from the nutrient medium.
Strawberries need different nutrients at different stages of their development to get the maximum sweetness.
strawberries absorb the nutrients they need through various chemical processes at different stages of their development. It is impossible to optimize the supply of nutrients from the soil in order to maximize the yield of strawberries.
once you have prepared and changed the soil, your plants should make every effort. But hydroponics producers can change the growing environment in two ways to maximize the productivity of their plants and the sweetness of the berries.
Before strawberries bloom and bear fruit, they grow leaves. As mentioned earlier, the larger the leaves, the sweeter the fruits. The leaves react to nitrogen. Hydroponic nutrient medium for strawberries in the early stages of growth needs more nitrogen. And in order for the roots of plants to absorb more nitrogen, the hydroponic growing medium should have a lower EC.
what is EC?
EC is electrical conductivity. EC is measured in units called MSCM -1 or Milli-Siemens per centimeter.
Nutrient media with a higher EC have less resistance to the intake of mineral nutrients, such as potassium. Nutrient media with a lower EC may be more favorable for the absorption of organic nutrients and nitrogen.
strawberry plants need more nitrogen when their leaves grow before they bloom and begin to bear fruit. At this stage of growth, they will need a nutrient medium that produces more nitrogen. Nitrogen is more easily absorbed from hydroponic solutions having a lower EC, usually about 1.2.
To achieve maximum sweetness, strawberry plants need more potassium during fruiting.
Potassium helps the cells of the berry to digest the sugars formed in the leaves, which enter the berry through the juice in the stem.
Without enough potassium, this sugar flows back into the stem JUICE. Potassium also helps the berry maintain fluid balance so that it becomes watery, but not watery.
In order for the plant to absorb the optimal amount of potassium, the nutrient medium must have an EC of 2 to 3.2. EC may be closer to 2 if the plants receive maximum sunlight.
It should be closer to 3 if the plant is in the shade or in cloudy weather. The EC of the nutrient medium should be lower in low humidity conditions and higher in high humidity conditions to reduce the load on plants from water.
two precautions when using EU indications to grow sweeter strawberries
there is a common mistake that farmers make when measuring EC indicators. EC readings make sense only when the hydroponic medium has a constant pH.
The EC measured at the pH of the growing medium 5 will be completely different from the EC at the pH of the growing medium 9.and the meter must be calibrated in accordance with the known EU decision to make sure that the meter itself does not fluctuate.
There are also common mistakes that farmers make when using EU numbers. If the EC of the hydroponic growing solution drops to 70 percent of its original value (which means you need to measure the EC before using the growing solution), you should discard it.
You can’t tell which nutrients destroyed your plants, and if you’re wrong, you can add nitrogen after the leaves grow back, or potassium will cause the leaves to dry out. But nitrogen and potassium are not the only nutrients that affect the taste of strawberries.
trace elements maximizes strawberry flavor
Horticulturists know more about the role of macronutrients such as nitrogen and potassium in the production of fragrant strawberries than about the role of trace elements such as boron, calcium, magnesium, molybdenum, silicon dioxide and zinc. But there are some observations that many strawberry producers make about trace elements and taste:
- Boron is necessary for the expansion of the pollen tube and the formation of small seeds on the surface of strawberries.
- Boron, calcium and zinc are necessary for pollen formation. Strawberry plants that lack this trace element do not form the pollen they need for abundant fruit setting. If the berry gives only a few seeds, the plant does not need to give large berries. Without a sufficient amount of this element, berries do not grow to a normal size.
- Boron and molybdenum are necessary for the formation of sugars and acids. These trace elements are often not enough in fresh strawberries.
- calcium helps strawberries fight the fungus.
- copper helps plants use sugar for their own energy production.
- iron acts as a cofactor for several enzymes that strawberry plants use to produce chlorophyll.
- Magnesium is necessary for the production of chlorophyll. This is the central part of the chlorophyll molecule.
- silicon dioxide helps the roots to more efficiently absorb both macronutrients (nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus) and trace elements (boron, calcium, magnesium, molybdenum, silicon dioxide and zinc).
- sulfur is necessary for plants to produce the amino acids cysteine and methionine. Cysteine is a building block of DNA, and methionine is necessary for the production of ethylene, which helps berries ripen.
When strawberry plants are young, they sometimes do not have the root mass needed to absorb the necessary minerals from the hydroponic solution.
Foliar sprayer can ensure that growing strawberry plants get all the mineral nutrients they need for healthy leaves and delicious fruits. It is important to properly dilute this solution to avoid leaf burn and plant death.
Hydroponic growers can enhance the characteristic strawberry flavor of their plants by placing shelves and growing lights so that the plants are illuminated from all sides.
They can make sure that they increase the potassium content in the nutrient medium, since the plant only bears fruit, but slightly reduce it before harvesting.
do strawberries need vitamins?
We all know that vitamins are essential for human and animal health. But are vitamins important for plants?
as far as we know, there has never been a moment when strawberries would say to themselves: “some person will come and eat my berries, so I’d better be nutritious.”Strawberries contain vitamins for their own health, not for ours. But many substances that are vital for human health are also vital for the health of the strawberry plant.
Strawberries contain a lot of vitamin C. They use vitamin C to help cope with water stress.
If a strawberry plant suffers from drought, it consumes its supply of vitamin C. Since there is no risk of drought stress in a hydroponic culture, strawberries grown on hydroponics are a richer source of vitamin C.
And since ascorbic acid is one of the natural compounds that give strawberries a tart taste, strawberries grown on hydroponics have a more natural sour taste.
strawberries produce folic acid (vitamin B9) during the production of a compound called abscisic acid. Extensive research by scientists from China confirms that the increased concentration of this acid, in turn, sends a chemical message to the seeds on the surface of the berries, telling them “not to germinate.”
fully ripe strawberries have more folic acid. Strawberries grown in full light conditions, the light of which falls on both sides of the berry, produces more folic acid.
what about aromatics?
Strawberries produce some of the same aromatic compounds found in ripe grape tomatoes and ripe field pineapples.
Part of the secret of producing strawberries with an intense, characteristic fruity aroma – which is so rare in mass-produced strawberries and strawberry products with sugar, with which many consumers are unfamiliar – is that preference is given to smaller, denser berries, rather than larger, juicy berries.
The aroma of strawberries is concentrated in the uppermost layer and on the side of the berries that is most exposed to sunlight. Larger berries have more pulp than “skins”, so they do not have a strong aroma of smaller berries.
Another secret to getting strawberries with a characteristic strawberry flavor is to make sure that the nutrient medium contains traces of sulfur. The ethylene released by the berries during ripening also activates the production of aromatic compounds that do not appear in the berries until they are completely red.
the third part of the secret of producing strawberries with an amazing caramel flavor is that all trace elements contained in the soil in Strawberry Fields are included in the nutrient medium in the last week of production.
another group of scientists in China confirmed that this wonderful aroma is produced by the action of an enzyme known as 4-hydroxy-2,5-dimethyl – 3(2h) – furanone, and is sold as furaneol.
cannot do its job without glucose, so the same gardening methods that maximize the sugar content in fruits will also increase the production of strawberry flavor.
strawberry production on hydroponics is the wave of the future
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimates that food production will increase by 70 percent by 2050. Vertical farming, as is possible with hydroponic strawberry cultivation, is one way to meet this need around the world.
Strawberry growers on hydroponics avoid pests. They do not compete with wildlife. They do not need heavy equipment to cultivate the land.
They can offer air-conditioned working conditions where workers don’t spend their days hunched over crops in vast fields. They can work in a small area of the city, so the installation does not need to be transported over long distances on a diesel truck.
There is no soil contamination with methyl bromide and fertilizer runoff in rivers and streams. And with the right information, they can produce strawberries with a longer shelf life and great taste.
FAQ Additives For Hydroponic Water That Improve The Taste
How do you get more flavor in hydroponics? It has also been shown that increasing sulfur levels in hydroponic gardens increases the flavor or pungency of condiments such as wasabi and horseradish, which contain a mixture of volatile compounds called isothiocyanates that give them flavor and warmth.
What can I add to hydroponic water? You should not forget to include an increased amount of important trace elements such as calcium, sulfur and magnesium, as well as slightly higher concentrations of copper, cobalt, zinc, molybdenum, chlorine and manganese. Make sure you follow the following conditions of the hydroponic system: pH between 5.5-6.0.
How to make strawberries sweeter on hydroponics? What’s it? To achieve maximum sweetness, strawberry plants need more potassium during fruiting. Potassium helps the cells of the berry to digest the sugars formed in the leaves, which enter the berry through the juice in the stem. Without enough potassium, this sugar flows back into the stem JUICE.
Do hydroponic plants taste different? There is a stereotype that hydroponic plants have no taste or are “watered”, but this is no longer the case. The truth is that plants grown on local hydroponic vertical farms are actually tastier and safer than products grown on other farms.
How do you maximize taste? 10 ways to add flavor to fresh spices without salt. Fresh and tender herbs, especially parsley, mint, basil and coriander, give the dishes an amazing taste. Dried herbs and dried spices. Be smart with sauces. Stock up on supplies. Add heat. This spirit. Meet the Alias. Mix it up.
How to increase the retention of patience in hydroponics? Let’s look at 5 simple ways to achieve this in your garden. Choose your genetics (i.e. variety or strain) based on the patience profile. Plants can be very different. Make sure you have a strong light level. Use an additional UV lamp. Lower the temperature in the last week of flowering. Use nutrients and supplements that enhance terpenes.
Can I add baking soda to hydroponics? In a pure hydroponic system, the best pH is from 5.5 to 6.0. If you check the nutrient solution and find that it is below this level, you can buy a pH-boosting product from a hydroponics supplier, or try adding a little regular baking soda.
How do you purify water for hydroponics? The best way to remove contaminants and TDS from your water source is through a process called reverse osmosis, commonly known as “RO”. Reverse osmosis is a process in which water passes under pressure through a semipermeable membrane, leaving behind unwanted minerals, pollutants and chlorine.
How often should the hydroponic water be changed? every two to three weeks, it is best to completely change the hydroponic water after you have topped it up enough times to fill it completely. For a medium-sized hydroponic system, you may need to change the water every two to three weeks. However, when using smaller hydroponic containers, the time interval will be shorter.
How can I make my strawberries more fragrant? Strawberries grow best in well-drained, fertile, slightly acidic soil. In fact, these plants tend to produce more and more sweetness when grown on compost-enriched sandy soil. Planting strawberries in the garden is also a good idea, as this (along with enough soil) provides better drainage. 27. July 2021
How can I enhance my strawberry flavor? To make your strawberry puree thicker, you need to boil it for a few minutes. Boiling the mixture reduces the amount of moisture present in the puree, which allows you to get a stronger strawberry flavor with less liquid.
How to make homemade strawberries tastier? Buy certified stocks that do not contain viruses. Healthy plants produce the most delicious fruits, and strawberries, as a rule, develop some unpleasant viruses. Give more sun. Find a sunny place for your plants. Prepare fertile, well-drained soil. Give them space. Water well, but keep the leaves dry. Mulch around each plant.
Why are my hydroponic plants bitter? Bitterness occurs due to high temperature. Lettuce leaves like cold temperatures where they don’t often get heated above 75 degrees Fahrenheit unless you want them to be bitter. When the heat becomes more constant, certain chemicals are formed, leading to flowering and seed formation. This is what causes bitterness.
Why are hydroponic plants harmful to health? If you want to ensure a safe and healthy growth cycle, you should pay attention to the temperature of the nutrient solution. Hydroponic plants have different temperature requirements than plants grown in soil, and if you fail to maintain an optimal climate, you may encounter wilted plants or rotten fruit.
Why are hydroponic tomatoes tasteless? Firstly, the hydroponic environment is often warm and humid, just such conditions like tomatoes. They make a lot of large and juicy tomatoes… which means more water and fiber and less flavor per bite.